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        语言学概论复习题型

        题型复习:

        I . Choose the best answer. (每小题2分,本大题共30分)

        1. __________ is defined as the study of the relationship between language and

        society.

        A. Psycholinguistics

        B. Language acquisition

        C. Sociolinguistics

        D. Biolinguistics

        2. Which of the following categories belongs to the lexical categories?

        A. conjunction

        B. determiners

        C. verbs

        D. prepositions

        II. Fill in the blanks with a proper term. Initials have been given in each item. (每小题2分,本大题共20分)

        1. M___________ is the study of the internal structure of words, and of the rules by

        which words are formed.

        2. V_______ are produced with little restriction of the airflow from the lungs out

        through the mouth and or the nose.

        III. Write phonetic description that corresponds to each of the following symbols. (每小题2分,本大题共10分)

        [?] low front lax (unrounded) vowel [t?] voiceless palatal affricate

        IV. Using one or more of the constituency tests (i.e. stand alone, move as a unit, replacement by a pronoun, one-replacement), determine whether the boldfaced portions in the sentences are constituents and provide the grammatical category of the constituents. (每小题2.5分,本大题共10分)

        1. I saw a dog in the room.

        2. I send him a letter.

        Answer:

        1. I saw a dog in the room.

        a dog—NP, a constituent

        (1) stand-alone test: What did you see in the room ? A dog.

        (2) Move as a unit test: A dog is what I saw in the room.

        (3) pronoun test: I saw it in the room..

        2. I send him a letter.

        send him—not a constituent

        (1) stand-alone test: What did you do? * send him. (* means wrong)

        (2) Move as a unit test: * Send him is what I did.

        (3) pronoun test: *I did a letter.

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